Monday, November 7, 2016


Harry Belafonte sums things up better than any "closing speech" could (NY Times, 11/7/2016):

 “O, yes,
I say it plain,
America never was America to me,
And yet I swear this oath —
America will be!”
— Langston Hughes, “Let America Be America Again”
What old men know is that everything can change. Langston Hughes wrote these lines when I was 8 years old, in the very different America of 1935.
It was an America where the life of a black person didn’t count for much. Where women were still second-class citizens, where Jews and other ethnic whites were looked on with suspicion, and immigrants were kept out almost completely unless they came from certain approved countries in Northern Europe. Where gay people dared not speak the name of their love, and where “passing” — as white, as a WASP, as heterosexual, as something, anything else that fit in with what America was supposed to be was a commonplace, with all of the self-abasement and the shame that entailed.
It was an America still ruled, at its base, by violence. Where lynchings, and especially the threat of lynchings, were used to keep minorities away from the ballot box and in their place. Where companies amassed arsenals of weapons for goons to use against their own employees and recruited the police and National Guardsmen to help them if these private corporate armies proved insufficient. Where destitute veterans of World War I were driven from the streets of Washington with tear gas and bayonets, after they went to our nation’s capital to ask for the money they were owed.
Much of that was how America had always been. We changed it, many of us, through some of the proudest struggles of our history. It wasn’t easy, and sometimes it wasn’t pretty, but we did it, together. We won voting rights for all. We ended Jim Crow, and we pushed open the Golden Door again to welcome immigrants. We achieved full rights for women, and fought to let people of all genders and sexual orientations stand in the light. And if we have not yet created the America that Langston Hughes swore will be — “The land that never has been yet” — if there is still much to be done, at least we have advanced our standards of humanity, hope and decency to places where many people never thought we could reach.
What old men know, too, is that all that is gained can be lost. Lost just as the liberation that the Civil War and Emancipation brought was squandered in Reconstruction, by a white America grown morally weary, or bent on revenge. Lost as the gains of our labor unions have been for decades now, pushed back until so many of us stand alone in the workplace, before unfettered corporate power. Lost as the vote is being lost by legislative chicanery. Lost as so many powerful interests would have us lose the benefits of the social welfare state, privatize Social Security, and annihilate Obamacare altogether.
If he wins this Tuesday, Donald J. Trump would be, at 70, the oldest president ever elected. But there is much about Mr. Trump that is always young, and not in a good way. There is something permanently feckless and immature in the man. It can be seen in how he mangles virtually the same words that Langston Hughes used.
When Hughes writes, in the first two lines of his poem, “Let America be America again/ Let it be the dream it used to be,” he acknowledges that America is primarily a dream, a hope, an aspiration, that may never be fully attainable, but that spurs us to be better, to be larger. He follows this with the repeated counterpoint, “America never was America to me,” and through the rest of this remarkable poem he alternates between the oppressed and the wronged of America, and the great dreams that they have for their country, that can never be extinguished.
Mr. Trump, who is not a poet, either in his late-night tweets or on the speaker’s stump, sees American greatness as some heavy, dead thing that we must reacquire. Like a bar of gold, perhaps, or a bank vault, or one of the lifeless, anonymous buildings he loves to put up. It is a simplistic notion, reducing all the complexity of the American experience to a vague greatness, and his prescription for the future is just as undefined, a promise that we will return to “winning” without ever spelling out what we will win — save for the exclusion of “others,” the reduction of women to sexual tally points, the re-closeting of so many of us.
With his simple, mean, boy’s heart, Mr. Trump wants us to follow him blind into a restoration that is not possible and could not be endured if it were. Many of his followers acknowledge that (“He may get us all killed”) but want to have someone in the White House who will really “blow things up.”
What old men know is that things blown up — customs, folkways, social compacts, human bodies — cannot so easily be put right. What Langston Hughes so yearned for when he asked that America be America again was the realization of an age-old people’s struggle, not the murky fantasies of a petty tyrant. Mr. Trump asks us what we have to lose, and we must answer, only the dream, only everything.

Harry Belafonte is an artist and activist.


  1. Wow, thank you for this, Leon!

  2. As always, Mr. Belafonte speaks eloquently and truthfully.

  3. What an eloquent remembrance of all that your generation has fought for and won. And a reminder that each generation must take up the challenge anew and stand on the side of justice, compassion, and humanity, lest past victories be lost anew. And a reminder that standing up and speaking out can and have made a difference. That A life of commitment to justice is a lifetime well-spent. Your eloquent words also remind us of what else a lifetime of "fighting the good fight" can bring: wisdom. Thank you.

  4. Fantastic, so enlightening and powerful!

  5. Wonderful rendering! Thanks, Leon.

    America, the unique experiment in human history, will continue. Continue progressively. Not looking back, only learning from the past. America was never flawless, nothing ever will be. But, America will offer the next best thing to humanity as long as its collective wisdom, integrity and compassion remains alive.

  6. Economic disenfranchisement is a demographic fact that applies to almost all Americans. The trend since about 1980 is well documented and intensely analyzed. Paul Krugman has al least one entire book on it. The white people that Trump appeals to are victims of this trend as much as anyone else. So when he says make America great again he means restore the middle class, bring back prosperity for the many . This in fact can be done. It is not irreversible. Sadly he as used this plight of the majority of Americans to stir up racial and ethnic hatred.

  7. maryann zeppetelloNovember 7, 2016 at 2:50 PM

    Harry was the guest speaker a few years ago in the Syracuse Peace Council celebration ...the oldest still going peace organization in the US. he was eloquent then as he is now. I am glad to share walking this earth with him at the same time and will continue to do so until my last breath.